Aquí encontrará la solución a muchos problemas que puede encontrar a la hora de construir o comprar un lugar en nuestro territorio. Estas soluciones y explicaciones son el resultado de más de 25 años de experiencia trabajando como arquitecto.
Si tiene algún problema en particular que no está solucionado aquí puede contactar con nosotros y le responderemos tan pronto como nos sea posible...
I am really sorry that most of you readers (Brits) will be living the EC, however there is period of two years before that sad event occurs, meanwhile live goes on so it will be useful to be aware of the new EC legislation coming up which might affect you specially if you will continue residing in this country independently of the Brexit.
We lived in caves and caverns of natural formation being the Neanderthals the ones who inhabited those 170,000 years ago. Then we began to erect simple constructions, huts and simple structures with stone and trusses. But we could not stop there.
Being an energy conscious I have had doubts for a very long time about certain personal habits on energy saving, consequently I have researched for accurate information and long last I admit that now I feel most reassured that my practices on energy economy are unmistakably correct.
The housing bubble is about to disappear in this part of Spain after ten years from the collapse in the construction sector. A "reverse bubble" is about to appear in terms of demand, according to the Murcia College of Architects. It will be two years at the most, warns our dean, Rafael Pardo Prefasi.
On an article written 4 years ago I did described the most common hard finishes available in Spain. This week I would like to jog your memory on the hard floor finishes mostly used in this part of the country, such as natural stones and ceramics tiles.
Dampness, cracks and poor thermal or acoustic insulation are important problems normally found in old houses that must be fixed for aesthetics, safety and health reasons.
How many time we have said; damp patches, leaks, doors that do not close properly ... This house is a ruin!
It is not uncommon for a property owner to assume at his own expense the repair or replacement of common elements, when carrying out a private rehabilitation or renovation works in his own home.
You will not believe it but it, but it is now 4 years since on the 1st of June of 2013 the Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) became obligatory in Spain if you needed to rent or purchase a property.
I must have hundreds of articles in my blog all of them directed to inform the English speaking public about Spanish architecture, construction, energy saving etc.
Well, the article that has about twenty to thirty visits every single day of the week is the one “A house that may be divided into two in case of divorce”. So I thought that instead of being negative maybe I could not only update it but also re-orientate it with a more positive approach.
The recovery of the Spanish economy, competitive mortgages and an investing appetite to put product in the rental market are the causes of growth in the real estate sector. The data for the end of 2016 and the first months of 2017 encourage us to be reasonably optimistic.
In my previous article we did mentioned that the first point to have clear in your mind before beginning the process of purchasing a property in Spain is the type of house that you really need, obviously, also where you were likely to find the biggest offer of houses for sale, how to prepare your budget, how to determine your financial capacity in order to obtain a loan and…. the financial effort required to pay the mortgage.
Following my previous two article where we did mention is be clear about the type of house that you really need, obviously, also the places you were likely to find the biggest offers of houses for sale, how to prepare your budget, how to determine your financial capacity in order to obtain a loan, the financial effort required to pay the mortgage followed by a list of the information we should pull together about the property and the seller, and finally the check list of all the taxes and hidden
When you are buying a house and the seller mentions the area of that house do you know if it is a net area or is it a total gross area and what are the differences?
We architects are the first one to feel the crunch and the first ones to appreciate any improvements in the building industry. I am glad to say that this time we are appreciating an advance in the construction business.
After the implementation of the so called Omnibus Law in Spain, any company or individual can install a security camera system without having to comply with the requirements demanded by the Ministry of the Interior. Thus, many communities of neighbours may choose to install the CCTV cameras themselves. But the results are not always as expected.
The price of housing grew by 4.7% in 2016 and adds three consecutive years to the rise, according to data published Wednesday by INE. The most pronounced price increases were in the communities of Madrid (+ 8.6%), Catalonia (+ 7%) and the Balearic Islands (+ 6.2%). I believe that there is no bubble, but a price recovery after the 'brick bubble' punctured in 2007. The lack of new housing supply and the scarcity of land are the two major concerns in the sector in the face of future increases in price.
This idea has been reintroduced over the years, and today a kitchen should offer more than functionality: it should be the centre of family reunion, sometimes replacing the function of the dining or living room.
Anyone who has ever organised a party in their own home knows that no matter how comfortable and inviting the sofa and a fireplace may be, where everyone ends up meeting is in the kitchen. In fact I consider it is possible to determine the degree of friendliness of the people gathered in a home by the time they spend around the kitchen.
Where can I find an inspiration?
From modern to classic, from extravagant to minimalist: Just Google "Kitchens" “images” and innumerable ideas and inspiration on how to decorate a kitchen for all tastes will be seen. Although portals such as Instagram, Houzz,. Inhabitat etc have better and more up to date styles.
Moreover in those portals if you see a kitchen that you like, with a single click you can add the photograph to your book of ideas. Books of ideas are used to collect inspiration. You can add or delete photos at any time, as well as change your order manually. In addition, text fields that are predefined in idea books allow you to include personal comments to your favourite projects. The idea books already created are stored automatically in your profile so you always have all your ideas in sight.
How do I start designing a kitchen?
There are different styles with which you can decorate a kitchen. Since space must primarily reflect our individuality, it is first essential to define your own personality or taste. Once this point is clear, you can start making decisions regarding colour, layout and style of cooking that we want to use. Do you want a kitchen with an island or, on just a standard kitchen? Do we want to bet on shiny finishes or do we prefer soft ones? What kind of flooring combines best with the selected kitchen surfaces?
The biggest challenge in planning a kitchen is to know how to combine taste and functionality. I will unveil some of my tricks to combine everything and provide you with some inspiration.
In my previous article we looked at the different places where we could look for inspiration. We also recommended starting by defining your own personality or taste then proceeding by making coherent decisions regarding colour, layout and style of kitchen that we want to use etc.
The air quality of some cities is not good, but the quality within homes or offices can be even worse. Contaminants of all kinds can be present in indoor areas with various harmful effects. The increasing use of plastics, detergents, varnishes, and the use of more efficient external joinery which hermetically seal off the incoming of fresh air is causing cancer figures to rise each year.
We have seen electricity prices rocketing up in Spain this winter. The Spanish electric companies offered very poor excuses before a passive Spanish Government. They picked on the coldest days of the year to increase electric prices by as much as 60%.
So apart from installing our own electric photovoltaic panels the next thing we can do is to save electricity by any means. One way of saving is to switch off all those appliances which we have on standby.
1 in 2 men and 1 in 3 women will have cancer throughout their lives in Spain.
As a prelude to World Cancer Day, this February the 4th, SEOM presents the Cancer Figures in Spain 2017. Tobacco, alcohol, obesity and sedentary habits increase the risk of cancer and are responsible for a third of , and this is supposed to be a reasonably healthy country……Mediterranean diet etc.
Everyone connected to Spanish electric grid had a good scare when on the coldest days of the year, around the 11th of January the Spanish electricity wholesalers announced that the price of electricity has reached its highest value since December 2013. The price boom has intensified in the last hours of the afternoon, when the cost of the megawatt hour (mwh) exceeds 92 Euros, a very high quota if you take into account that just a year ago the same mwh was worth 60 Euros, 33% less.
The breakthrough in technology and new devices focused on renewable energy has made panel and wind industry cheaper.
Believe it or not banks are beginning to charge for money deposited in their banks. That also means that obtaining a loan from them is at minimum levels specially if the money is invested to improve your home.
The current offer on loans for building works allows comparing several products and choosing the most economical.
Many clients do ask me about the cost of construction and being an architect it is a forthcoming question, nonetheless every now and again I do get ask for other costs associated to the actual purchase of a house, in which case I have to do a little research to find out.
Following my last article on the costs that have to be taken into account when purchasing a home in Spain, see here a quick reminder of what it was specified last week. Please see below a guideline.
Following my last article on the costs that have to be taken into account when purchasing a home in Spain, see here a quick reminder of what it was specified last week. Please see below a guideline.
The energy saved in renovating a home may be more interesting as an investment than the interests that you may obtain from an endowment policy for retirement.
The efficiency obtained in the energy saved could be up to 1.675 Euros per year in a standard house.
That was the original Chilean plan to create decent housing after a complete town was destroyed by an earthquake. A firm of architects devised a controversial strategy; they designed homes divided in two:
Although I have been blowing my own trumpets since a year ago writing about the end of recession for the real estate market, a new BBVA bank report has officially declare that 2017 will be the definitive recovery for the real estate market.
If you haven’t heard the name Tesla it will probably be because you don’t have to pay nearly 60€ to fill your car’s tank every week as I do, and therefore you don’t read technical articles on electric cars praying for its arrival in Spain sooner than later.
Every day more than a thousand houses are sold in Spain and about 20% of those properties are bought/sold by an expat.
Once signed the contract of sale is exactly when doubts assail both those who have sold their home and those who have made the purchase. "Have I sold too cheap?" "Have I bought for too much?" Should I have raised the price a little more?" Should I have asked for a bigger discount?
This article points out the world's most outstanding urban gardens on rooftops, their advantages and challenges and how to create one.
This article points out how it affects Spain ozone pollution, how it is formed and what citizens can do to combat it.
Today I am feeling good.
The struggle for the environment is getting good news that motivated me to continue working for a better planet
You will remember and I you don’t I am here to refresh your mind that as long ago as April of this year I wrote an article called “The price of housing is soaring in Barcelona and Madrid”. In this article I did warn of the next property rise especially on the large cities of Barcelona and Madrid a prelude for the rest of Spain to follow.
One of the questions we are frequently asked when designing a new house or rehabilitating an existing one is whether to opt for gas or electricity in the kitchen.
To see what is more economic if electric ceramic and induction hobs, or gas cookers, should be taken into account not only the time and energy saved in gas supply or electricity but also the fixed rates of each supply that must be paid to the company.
The rehabilitation of a used house is an option that could be up to 20% cheaper than to buy a new home with some exceptions such as structural problems or other complications which may be too complicated for the layman to undertake.
But what kind of reforms are good investments when buying and which are not?
If you are planning to marry soon maybe you should contemplate taking a look at this new conceptual design in housing and don’t say that we architects don’t think about everything!!
The average price of housing rose 7.5% between January and June, according to the latest data from the Association of Registrars, and everything points to maintain this positive trend until the end of the year due to the good tone ON residential demand, with next sales increased to 16%. This improvement is based on several factors, according to the BBVA Bank Research Group:
It is the old arithmetic that many citizens turn to when they are faced with the dilemma of choosing between going to live in a rented property or becoming the landlord.
To tell the truth I had taken for granted that the normal thing to do when anyone wanted to build a home was to call an architect first; however that wasn’t the impression I obtained from a close friend this last August. The conversation started when this friend asked me if I knew a good local builder as he wanted to build a house.
We did look at the advantages of engaging an architect when you want to build or renovate a property in Spain and also how you can obtain value for money.
Also and on how an architect can inject imagination into your project and provide peace of mind by dealing with all the necessary paperwork specially in a bureaucratic country such as Spain.
Without dunes beaches will disappear. It is as simple as that.
In Spain the sand dunes have been mistreated during a long time, nevertheless now the Spanish authorities have realized of their importance and are trying to do something to improve them.
In my last article we analysed the conditions and estate of coastal sand dunes in Spain and discovered that the sand dunes have been mistreated during a long time, nevertheless the Spanish authorities have realized now of their importance and are trying to do something to improve the situation because they have discovered a simple fact; without dunes beaches will disappear.
Spain is a world reference for tourism there is no doubt about that and could become a world reference for cycling tours but at this time is far away from other countries such as Holland.
There has been a norm in Spain since 1944 called “Order of the Ministry of the Interior of 29 February 1944”. That law laid down the minimum conditions to be met by all kinds of homes, regardless of ownership throughout Spain. Believe it or not this legislation is still in force in several autonomous regions (including the Murcia region) where they do not have a particular law which lay out the minimum conditions to be met in the design of any type of home.
On my last article I did explained the different regulations which emanated from the many Spanish regional communities on the minimum standards accepted for a minimum size house and how we still use in some regions a law from 1944 such as the Murcia region.
Si divides una casa en dos, que espacios mínimos ha de tener en cuenta para que esa vivienda se puede escriturar como vivienda?
Did you know that a pool may double the selling price of a home in Spain?
Reading through various websites I was struck by a remarkable fact; a simple pool can double the price of a home in Spain.
Apart from what is lost and the damage caused, personal feelings also come into play. To find out that total strangers may have been in your home going through your personal belongings may leave a strange sense of vulnerability and helplessness and of course the incident will spoil your well deserved holiday in Spain.
On my last article we were looking at the different ways of protecting your property not only your holiday home but also your home back in UK while on vacation.
I am referring to the curious relationship between car sales and housing prices and on how that statistical data may provide us with an insight on how the house market may perform on the next year or two.
Are you interested in buying a holiday home as an investment?
These following tips could be useful in helping you making the right decisions so that you obtain the maximum return on your investment.
Obviously the most important decisions which have the greatest impact on the house are made before the property is bought.
In my previous article we looked at the different points to be taken into account if you were considering buying a holiday home as an investment.
One important aspect that we analysed was to know the assessed value of your future home before you buy.
Home purchase in Spain has triggered and prices recorded their biggest rise since 2007. This April, 35,199 homes changed hands, 29% more than a year earlier and the highest since February 2013.
Yes, I am referring to renewable energy.
If the production of renewable was doubled by 2030 it would increase the global GDP and save trillions of dollars on pollution expenses, according to a recent reports by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA).
The decision to purchase a home in Spain is never easy to take. Even now that the market has started to recover there are questions and doubts that potential buyers and visitors to the “Sima” Madrid International Real Estate Exhibition have expressed. Sima took place from the 5th to the 8th of May.
Well, the experts haven’t yet agreed on how to call these new homes.
You might have seen them announced as Zero Net Energy Building (ZNEB), Net-Zero Energy Building (NZEB), or Net Zero Building. Basically it is the same thing. Well not basically, it is the same thing.
These are homes that hardly consume any non-renewable energy.
Energy saving…. that is the key.
Energy saving measures, are the most significant questions that these houses solve, reducing the consumption of all kinds of energies, heating, electricity, refrigeration etc. and secondly, by reducing the energy demand from the building itself.
There are energy certificates attesting these models of passive house as the Passivhaus or Minergie (Swiss). Another "third way" in this sustainable model also takes into accounts other energy criteria, which incorporates other environmental related concepts such as green building and the application of non-polluting materials.
68% of Spanish households do not qualify for good quality sleep.
I am a Spaniard but I have to confess that we are a noisy lot.
When we go out for dinner with friends we do select the restaurant not only because of the quality of their cuisine and their prices but also depending of the sound level within the restaurant. Ok, I do confess that I have sound meter telephone app and I do measure the decibels inside and outside the restaurants every time we do visit the restaurant and take down the readings.
Because I am a member of the British Institute of British architects (RIBA) …brag, brag, I receive a free copy of its monthly the RIBA magazine.
In this monthly copy there is an article which distraught me a lot so I wanted to share it with you. It is about the consequences of providing free professional advice to a friend just to show that we architects must always be on our guard.
I don't want to say anything but don’t tell me in the future that I have not warned you.
Property prices are to rise from now on if we continue without a major world calamity. The prices of houses in Barcelona have increased at an annual rate of 9.2%, while the value of apartments in the capital have increased by 7.5% and I remember that these were the same symptoms when everything started around December 2001.
Consult similar offer in internet portals, analyse the profile of the potential buyer and assess the general state of the property. These are the key elements to put the right price on your home.
The Spanish Cadastral Office is scanning the whole of the Coast looking for new builds, renovations or changes of use of buildings that were previously invisible to them.
Me temo que mi amor por las compañías eléctricas españolas se mantiene en su nivel más bajo. Después de que las nuevas leyes sobre paneles fotovoltaicos solares y después de los aumentos en la factura de electricidad de casi el 80% de 2004 a 2014 es más una relación de odio.
The renewable energy 'trap'
The truth is that when the boom of renewable began in 2007, the electrical system had accumulated a deficit approaching the 10,000 million Euros, but in later years increased an additional 4,000 to 5,000 million Euros each year.
The boom of renewable energy.
And after the expansion of combined cycle plants, came the outburst of renewable energy parks, which grew at times uncontrolled by juicy hefty incentives. The problem was not the proliferation of windmills and solar panels, of which we should be proud of, but its high cost. Renewable and cogeneration eventually totalled 9,000 million a year in governmental aids, apart from the money they receive by selling electricity to the market.
On the first part of this article we saw that we pay one of the highest bill on electricity in Europe.
We also analysed how the famous debt of the 30,000 million Euros in favour of the electricity companies was created and why we have a unique system for the electricity industry in the world.
We also discovered that the electric deficit is an example of how the confusion of public and private interests and an apprehensive double set of regulations misguided planning and a failed market can produce some disastrous results. Companies benefited at the expense of widespread over remunerations that has had the effect that now, consumers have to pay extremely expensive electricity which not so long ago had a reasonable price.
This article will centre on the history of why we are where we are…paying the most expensive electricity in Europe.
I am afraid my love for Spanish electricity companies remains at its lowest level. After the new laws on solar cell panels and after increases on our electricity bill of nearly 80% from 2004 to 2014 it is more of a hate relationship.
En mi último artículo afirmaba la necesidad de contratar con una empresa de seguridad profesional registrada en el Registro de Empresas de Seguridad en España, este simple hecho evitará cualquier problema e imprevisto.
También analizamos el problema de garantizar la privacidad si no se registran las imágenes de las zonas comunes. La importancia de la obtención de cámaras de alta definición de calidad, junto con la necesidad de registrar el archivo de vídeo en el Registro General de Protección de Datos de la Agencia Española de Protección de Datos (AEPD).
It is legal to place video surveillance cameras in a workplace?
Article 20 of the Spanish Workers' Statute empowers the employer to take "any action it deems most appropriate to watch and monitor or verify compliance by the worker of their obligations and work duties
Siguiendo el hilo de mi último artículo me demuestra que hoy más que nunca, es esencial la introducción de fuentes de energía renovables para aliviar la dependencia del exterior en materia de energía y con la intención de facilitar el acceso a calefacción y agua caliente a precios bajos, y además hay que fomentar la rehabilitación de edificios con la ayuda de la administración para promover el ahorro y la eficiencia energética.
Hay que exigir al gobierno que proponga alternativas y dar paso a soluciones viables.
Estábamos hablando de las desventajas de producir su propia electricidad, continuaremos con los artículos negativos los cuales se impone esta nueva ley de los consumidores de autoproductores de electricidad,
Siente necesidad de mejorar la seguridad en su propia comunidad de vecinos?
Le parece que el robo ha crecido en el barrio donde vive y que no se sienten seguros y no tiene medidas de vigilancia en el edificio o urbanización donde vive?
More and more citizens in Europe use biomass as a renewable fuel.
This article offers seven environmental and economic reasons to install a heating and hot water system using biomass as a fuel.
Need to improve on safety in your own community? It seems that the burglary has grown in the neighbourhood where you live and you do not feel safe without surveillance measures in the building or complex where you live?
Eurostat spends a good amount of money in producing statistics about almost any activity within the EC and offers very valuable information about the construction industry. This time it has produced an array of figures about where the European likes to live.
Following the thread from my last article I did argued that today more than ever, it is essential the introduction of renewable energy sources so that we alleviate external dependence on energy and with the intention of facilitating access to heating and hot water at low prices, in addition enabling the rehabilitation of buildings with the aid of the administration to encourage energy saving and efficiency.
En octubre, el 17, el Día Internacional para la Erradicación de la Pobreza, la Plataforma para un Nuevo Modelo de Energía España informó que la pobreza energética afecta al 10% de la población española y seguirá aumentando: más de dos millones de familias no son capaces de poner en marcha la calefacción, simplemente porque no se lo puede permitir.
Con el 26% de la población activa española en paro y los recortes salariales sustanciales que sufre gran parte de la población (7% de media), los constantes aumentos en las facturas de electricidad y gas ha tenido un impacto dramático en millones de hogares españoles.
On October the 17th, the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty, the Platform for a New Energy Model Spain reported that energy poverty affects 10% of the Spanish population and will continue to increase: more than two million families are not able to turn on the heat simply because they cannot afford it.
Local councils offer discounts from January 2016 of up to 20% in the IBI of homes and offices that use less energy. That is the news.
The Ministry of Finance has devised an energy reduction law on Property Tax (IBI) which offers discounts of up to 20% for households (and offices) more efficient on energy saving.
Buying a home can be one of the most important economic decisions in our lives. An investment that will require more or less effort according to the type of house, location, status and the savings that we already dispose of. In any case, given the importance of the operation, we should remember a few things to consider before signing the loan and even if we are already mortgaged.
Its efficiency is being demonstrated as a more reliable and cost-effective heating option. So much so that not only is winning the private households sector, but in recent years several public institutions have decided to integrate it into their buildings.
Every kW produced by diesel costs almost twice that of biomass.
No es ningún secreto que 2014 y 2015 fueron un punto de inflexión para el mercado inmobiliario español después de un largo período de crisis. En estos dos años el mercado comenzó a ponerse en pie después de morder el polvo en los años 2007 y 2008.
El parque inmobiliario ha ido disminuyendo en muchas zonas, aunque en otras persisten y muy posiblemente puede tener difícil su venta. Lo más importante es que durante la crisis de la vivienda ha habido una depuración en la industria, terminando con empresas menos profesionales y la apertura de una ventana de oportunidades para las empresas de arquitectura que han sobrevivido.
It is no secret that 2014 and 2015 were a turning point for the Spanish real estate market after a long period of crisis. In these two years the market began to get back on its feet after biting the dust in 2007 and 2008.
The building stock has been declining in many zones, although others persist and quite possibly may have difficult to sell. Most important, the housing crisis has been a debugging in the industry, finishing with the least professional firms and opening a window of opportunity for the surviving companies.
Between 2008 and 2014 the electricity bill rose 52% in Spain, well above the European average, which has the fourth most expensive electricity bills in the EU, behind Denmark, Germany and Ireland.
What are the reasons?
The intervention of various governments with renewable energy grants and taxes hinder the electrical industry and determine the electric bill to rise.
El gran salón inmobiliario tiene lugar del 23 al 25 de Octubre. El próximo año 2016 (a la vuelta de la esquina) se llevará a cabo del 5 al 8 de mayo, que como todo el mundo sabe se llama el SimaExpo y normalmente tiene lugar en Madrid.
En este artículo voy a tratar de analizar las estadísticas que comienzan a emanar estos días de la feria, para ver si nos va a dar una idea de tendencias generales en el tipo de viviendas, público tipo que compra, etc.
There is an Ideal Home Show in Spain too (or similar) which takes place from 23rd to 25th of October. Next year 2016 (just around the corner) will take place from the 5th to the 8th of May which it is called the SimaExpo and normally takes place in Madrid.
In this article I will try to analyse the statistics which are beginning to emanate these days from the show, to see if it will give us some insight as to the general tendencies on type of dwellings, public etc.
Esta es una de las pregunta que normalmente me hacen mis clientes. Claro, las circunstancias no cambian de un día para otro. Podría ser una ruptura irreconciliable del matrimonio, los adolescentes que abandonan el nido, la pérdida de seres queridos o, simplemente, la necesidad de realizar un ingreso adicional.
El propósito de dividir una casa o apartamento puede ser diverso, pero la decisión del propietario siempre debe sopesar los costos y gestión de la construcción que tendrán que afrontar, el tiempo que llevará el trabajo y todo el proceso burocrático que conlleva el proyecto . Y, por supuesto, considerar la rentabilidad se obtendrá si la hay, para que la división se compense económicamente.
Following my last article I have immersed myself in this study by RE / MAX Europe to fish out some more valuable info and this below is what I have found.
It must have a garden and a pool; with a large dressing room; with garage for at least three vehicles; with home cinema; heliport ... as it is mentioned in a traditional Spanish lottery advertising campaign "We do not have cheap dreams" or maybe yes?
Yo no soy un apasionado lector de encuestas, pero en este caso me he hecho una excepción. No es sólo porque este tema en particular me ha proporcionado información muy valiosa para mí como arquitecto, sino también porque siempre me gusta analizar factores como el costo, ubicación, tamaño, fuentes para encontrar una propiedad, etc., que influyen en los otros ciudadanos europeos cuando deciden construir o comprar una nueva casa aquí en España.
I am not a passionate reader of opinion polls but in this case I have made an exception. Is not only because this particular poll has provided very valuable information for me as an architect but also because I always like to analyse factors like cost, location, size, sources to find a property etc that do influence the other Europeans citizens when they decide to build or buy a new house here in Spain.
A representative study named “Looking for and finding properties in Europe” by RE/MAX Europe, conducted in 16 European countries, reveals that the Internet is clearly the medium of choice in the search for real estate.
How many times have we heard of small kids falling through balconies or terraces? We have a Spanish saying, "accidents never occur.... until they do".
Terraces, balconies, attics and roofs terraces are greatly used in this part of the world, especially in urbanizations and properties around the Costa, because their design are mostly orientated for people to enjoy sunbathing on them. To enjoy these places without problems, it is essential to attend a series of recommendations, especially if there are children around the house or even if they visit us occasionally.
In my last article we were examining different aspects of security on terraces and balconies taking special care on the safety features if there were children around. This week however, we will look at other elements that it may pass inadvertently but it could certainly be dangerous.
Let us take for instance the placement of those popular inflatable swimming pools. Some years ago the models available were few and usually used for toddlers. Now days I have seen swimming pools capable of sustaining many tones of water, think that 1 cubic metre is approximately 1 tone, so you can calculate yourself the weight of these pools.
Como arquitectos en ejercicio no sólo tenemos que estar atentos a las novedades legislaciones que salen prácticamente cada semana, sino también a las nuevas tendencias en arquitectura y por supuesto, a las necesidades de las personas que pueden ser menos afortunados que nosotros.
En esta ocasión me estoy refiriendo a la información que sale del Último Bienal de Arquitectura de Chicago; ha mostrado un prototipo innovador de la vivienda para los más pobres por 6.000 €.
Una de las partes más desagradables de mi trabajo tiene que ver con tener que preparar informes técnicos sobre las deficiencias de construcción y esto no sólo es debido al hecho de que normalmente implica meter mi nariz en la obra de alguien, sino también el gran esfuerzo que tengo que hacer al tratar de ser lo más imparcial y objetivo posible manteniendo en perspectiva los intereses de mi cliente y la de otras partes.
One of the most disagreeable parts of my work has to do with having to prepare technical reports on construction deficiencies and this is not only due to the fact that normally it implies poking my nose into somebody’s work, but also the grand effort that I have to make in attempting to be as impartial and objective as possible keeping into perspective the interests of my client and that of other parties, and this is not because I am a good hearted person (that I am) but more to the fact that this sort of building pathologies tend to end up in court and judges, who are dealing every single day with similar cases tend to pass sentences taken into account the actual problem and its real quantification and have a propensity to act negatively when it is clear and apparent that one of the parties is intending to take advantage of circumstances.
Spain has more than 25 million homes, of which nearly three and a half million are empty. The urban construction in recent years has caused serious environmental and economic consequences across the Spanish geography, although it is more evident in coastal areas. In this article I will try to indicate the worst urban of Spain.
A question of figures. Some of the data of the so-called housing bubble speak for themselves: Spain, with a population of about 47 million people, had by the end of 2006 about 23.5 million homes (in late 2012 just over 25.3 million), according to the Ministry of Development. Of this total number, nearly three and a half million are empty, according to the most recent (2011) National Institute of Statistics (INE).
Let me apologies first for bringing up this impertinent issue. I know this is not the appropriate time to ask this socially incorrect question.
But if you include taxes, services supplies and insurance, the bills could soar up to over 2,000 Euros a year for a house of 80 square meters. But if you include taxes, services supplies and insurance, the bills could soar up to over 2,000 Euros a year for a house of 80 square meters.
Well, to continue with this rather thorny issue from last article where we were doing an estimation of expenses attach to an empty property in Spain could be alarming if you have never rolled up you sleeves and got down to do a few sums.
In our last article we mentioned taxes and other fixed expenses, this week we can take a look at the community of owners' expenses and other domestic payments.