Today we discover you the second part of the article about New World Heritages that the Unesco World Heritage Committee decided.
Twentieth century industrial plant in Ivrea (Italy)
Located in the Piedmont region, the industrial complex of the city of Ivrea has been the laboratory for experimentation and production company Olivetti, dedicated to manufacture typewriters, mechanical calculators and office computers. In addition to a large factory. The site includes a whole series of buildings designed to house different administrative and social services, as well as housing for staff. Designed by Italian architects between 1930 and 1960, this architectural ensemble is a reflection of the ideas of the Community Movement (Movimento Comunità) whose objective was to carry out social projects with a modern vision of the relationship between architecture and manufacturing production.
Victorian neo-Gothic and «Art Deco» ensembles from Bombay (India)
Commercial port city of world importance, Bombay (Mumbai) was in the second half of the nineteenth century scenario of an ambitious development project that resulted in the construction of a set of public buildings Victorian Gothic Revival style around the green expanse of the Great Oval, to which a new set of Art Deco buildings was added at the beginning of the 20th century. The Victorian buildings integrated elements of Indian architecture, such as balconies and porches, adapted to local climatic conditions, and in the other buildings, intended for homes and movie theaters, the aesthetic notions of art deco merged with conceptual and symbolic forms properly Indian, thus giving rise to a unique style in its genre that would later be called Indo-Dico art. These two architectural ensembles are a sample of the stages through which the modernization of Bombay went through the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
Al-Ahsa oasis, evolving cultural landscape (Arabia Saudi)
Located in the eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula, the oasis of Al-Ahsa is a site formed by gardens, canals, springs, wells, a drainage lake, historic buildings, an urban fabric and archaeological sites that represent the traces of occupation sedentary human in the Gulf region from the Neolithic to the present day. This is manifested particularly in the historic forts, mosques, springs, canals and other water management devices. With 2.5 million palm trees, Al-Ahsa is the largest oasis in the world. This unique Geocultural landscape is an outstanding example of human interaction with the environment.
Sassanian archaeological landscape of the Fars region (Iran)
Located in the southeast of the Iranian province of Fars, these eight archaeological sites are located in three geographical areas: Firuzabad, Bishapur and Savestan. These are fortified structures, palaces and urban plans whose construction dates back to the first and last moments of the Sassanian empire, which extended in the region between the years 224 and 658 of our era. The sites include in particular the first capital of the founder of the dynasty, Ardachir Papakan and a city and architectural structures due to his successor, King Shapur Iº. This archaeological landscape, which is based on an optimal exploitation of the natural topography, testifies to the influence of the Achaemenian and partan cultural traditions and exchanges with Roman art, which had an important influence on the architecture and artistic approaches of the Islamic period.
Pimachiowin Aki - "The land that gives life" (Canada)
Covered site boreal forest, crisscrossed by rivers and dotted with lakes and wetlands, Pimachiowin Aki, the "land that gives life" in the language of the Anishinaabeg, is part of the ancestral lands of the indigenous people who live by hunting, Fishing and gathering. The site brings together portions of the territories Anishinaabeg four communities: Bloodvein River, Little Grand Rapids, Pauingassi and Poplar River. The complex network of sites dedicated to subsistence, housing and cultic ceremonies, as well as the main river and lake routes that link, is an exceptional landscape that has materialized the immemorial Indian tradition called ji-ganawendamang gidakiiminaan ("conserve the earth"), consisting of honoring the Creator's gifts, respecting all forms of life and maintaining harmonious relations with others.
Megalithic site of Göbekli Tepe (Turkey)
Located in southeastern Anatolia, on top of Mount Germus, this site has a series of circular and rectangular megalithic monuments arranged in the form of enclosures, which were erected by hunter-gatherer populations in the period of the Neolithic Period prior to pottery (9600-8200 BC). Used for performing rituals, probably funerary, these areas have high T-shaped pillars carved with wild animals that give us an idea of worldview and beliefs of the inhabitants of Upper Mesopotamia some 11,500 years ago.
«Aasivissuit-Nipisat». Maritime game reserves and glaciers of the Inuits (Denmark)
Located in the central part of the northwest of Greenland, this site has illustrative vestiges of 4,200 years of the history of its indigenous populations that have shaped a whole cultural landscape with its hunting habits of marine and terrestrial animals, its seasonal migrations and its rich intact intangible cultural heritage linked to climate, navigation and medicine.
Characteristic features of this site are the big houses to spend the winter season, the traces of caribou hunting parties and archaeological sites of Inuit culture, both prehistoric and historic. Composed of seven important localities, from the Nipisat, located to the west, to the Aasivissuit, located to the east in the vicinity of the polar cap, the cultural landscape of this site is a sample of the durability of the human cultures of Greenland and of their ancestral seasonal migrations.
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